Glosses for quiz #1 of The Cook's
Prologue and Tale

(Lines I.4365-4422)

Compare your translations with the glossed text:

4333 Wel oghte a man avysed for to be
      avysed for to be: to take heed

4340 And therfore, if ye vouche-sauf to heere
      vouche-sauf: grant, agree

4344 Oure Hoost answerde and seide, "I graunte it thee.
      graunte it thee: agree

4357 But `sooth pley, quaad pley,' as the Flemyng seith.
      sooth pley, quaad pley: A true jest is a bad jest.

4360 Though that my tale be of an hostileer.
      hostileer: innkeeper

4365 A prentys whilom dwelled in oure citee,
      prentys: apprentice

4367 Gaillard he was as goldfynch in the shawe,
      Gaillard: merry     shawe: wood, thicket

4372 He was as ful of love and paramour
      paramour: wenching

4375 At every bridale wolde he synge and hoppe;
      bridale: wedding party hoppe: dance

4381 And gadered hym a meynee of his sort
      meynee: company

4383 And ther they setten stevene for to meete,
      setten stevene: made an appointment

4389 That fond his maister wel in his chaffare,
      chaffare: business

4392 That haunteth dys, riot, or paramour,
      Who makes a habit of gambling, debauchery, and womanizing

4393 His maister shal it in his shoppe abye,
      abye: pay for

4395 For thefte and riot, they been convertible,
      convertible: interchangeable

4399 This joly prentys with his maister bood,
      bood: remained

4401 Al were he snybbed bothe erly and late,
      snybbed: rebuked

4408 So fareth it by a riotous servaunt;
      by: with respect to, with riotous: dissolute

4410 Than he shende alle the servantz in the place.
       shende: corrupt

4412 And bad hym go, with sorwe and with meschance!
      meschance: bad luck to him

4413 And thus this joly prentys hadde his leve.
       leve: permission to leave

4414 Now lat hym riote al the nyght or leve.
       riote: revel, engage in debauchery

4415 And for ther is no theef withoute a lowke,
      And because there is no thief without an accomplice (lowke).

4417 Of that he brybe kan or borwe may,
      brybe: steal

4419 Unto a compeer of his owene sort,
       compeer: companion

4422 A shoppe, and swyved for hir sustenance.
      swyved for hir sustenance: copulated for a living


Award yourself 5 points for each correct answser. If your score is less than 80 points, you should go back and again read carefully through The Cook's Prologue and Tale, paying close attention to meaning and availing yourself of the page glosses, the explanatory notes, and the glossary.

To test your general knowledge of the sort of information on Chaucer's art and times provided in the notes in your printed text of the Miller's Reeve's and Cook's Tales click here.


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