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11mar17.jpg

Caption

Detail of Athenian red-figure cup attributed to Euphronios, 6th c. BC. The Athenian hero Theseus forcibly abducts the Amazon queen Antiope. Note the anti- suffix in her name, meaning "instead of, in the place of" or also "against" in her name. This is a common element in Amazon names, and seems connected with the fact that they perform the roles and tasks of men and also fight men (a common epithet of Amazons in Greek is antianeirai, "standing in the place of men" or also "hostile to men"). Here the great warrior queen, still clutching her bow and dressed in Scythian-type costume, is being hauled away to become Theseus' wife, the ultimate act of submission for an Amazon.