Exercise 1  Exercise 2  Exercise 3

Exercise 1

Using the Old English words provided below, construct complete sentences using the elements provided. All sentences should be of the format: Definite Article, Noun Root+Noun Ending, Verb, Pronoun Object. You will need to choose a noun for the subject and provide it with the appropriate case ending and a definite article. Then supply a pronoun object.

Hint: pay attention to the verb ending, which will determine whether the noun subject is singular or plural. This agreement in number is called "concord," and doesn't apply to the verb's object.

All of the nouns are strong masculine (also called a-stems). All the pronouns are third-person. All the verbs are present tense. (Vowel lengths in this exercise are not marked.)

Definite Articles Noun Roots Noun Endings Verbs Pronoun Objects

se
þone
þæs
þam
þa
þa
þara
þam

cyning
stan
wulf
hird (shepherd)
ham (home)
eorl (earl)
hafoc (hawk)
fisc (fish)
bat (boat)
hærfest (harvest)
æcer (acre)
--
--
-
es
-e
-
as
-as
-a
-um
healdaþ (hold) wasceþ (wash) he, hine, his, him,
heo, hie, hire, hire,
hit, hit, his, him, hie, hie, hira, him

Your sentence should be constructed by the elements above. The correct format, but an incorrect sentence, would look like this:

þam hirdum healdaþ hire

Type your sentence into the box below, and click submit to check the answer.
Don't use capitals or punctuation.
Press SHIFT+D for þ (thorn) and SHIFT + Q for æ (ash).