The Sikh Tradition

I. Gurus and Emperors
1. Guru Nanak (1469-1539) Babur (1526-30)
2. Guru Angad (Guru 1539-52) Humayun (1530-40)
3. Guru Amar Das (Guru 1552-74) Akbar (1556-1605)
4. Guru Ram Das (Guru 1574-81)
5. Guru Arjan (Guru 1581-1606)
6. Guru Hargobind (Guru 1606-44) Jehangir (1605-27)
7. Guru Har Rai (Guru 1644-61) Shah Jahan (1628-58)
8. Guru Har Krishan (Guru 1661-64) Aurangzeb (1659-1707)
9. Guru Tegh Bahadur (Guru 1664-75)
10. Guru Gobind Singh (1675-1708)

II. Guru Nanak

Janam Sakhis: The stories that recount his life, popular, hagiographies
"There is neither Hiindu nor Muslim, so whose path shall I follow?"
Shabads, hymns
Mardana, a musician, friend
Japji: morning prayer recited by Nanak
Nirankar, formless Divine
Langar, community meal

III. Scripture

Guru Granth Sahib, Adi Granth
Guru Amardas and Guru Arjan, compilers.
Gurmukhi, script in which written
Guru Gobind Singh, invests Adi Granth as Guru
Gurdwara

IV. Sikh Community

Sikh = disciple
Guru Arjan: Darbar Sahib (Golden Temple) in Amritsar
Arjan executed at command of Jehangir: 1606
Guru Hargobind: two swords, miri and piri
Guru Tegh Bahadur: Beheaded by order of Aurangzeb
Sis Ganj Gurdwara in Chandni Chowk, New Delhi
Guru Gobind Singh: Khalsa (1699 on Baisakhi Day)

Five "K's"

1. kirpan, small sword
2. karha, steel bracelet
3. kachhera, undershorts
4. kangha, wooden comb
5. kes, uncut hair

V. 19th & 20th Centuries

Movements: Nirankaris; Namdharis; Singh Sabha
Sikh Gurdwaras Act, 1925
Rahit Maryada, 1930s