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  Foundational Questions in Evolutionary Biology
Evolutionary Origins and Dynamics:

How does evolution begin?

What is the transition from chemical kinetics to evolutionary dynamics, and can the transition from non-evolving to evolving systems be defined precisely and formally?

What is the source of novelty in evolution?

Why does evolution exist at all?

Are there different kinds of evolution, and is there evolution in the context of evolution itself?

What are the natural laws of evolutionary change, and can we derive a complete mathematical theory of evolutionary laws?

How does population structure affect evolutionary dynamics, and what role might coordination/cooperation play?

How can evolution promote cooperation?

What are the differences between genetic and cultural evolution, and how can these differences be formalized?

What is the role of chance (stochasticity) in evolutionary dynamics?

Evolvability and the Evolution of Increasing Complexity:

Why is evolution creative?

What are the typical limits of evolvability, and how are these transcended?

Which phenotypic modifications can evolve?

What are the sources of variation (in cultural evolution)?

What are the limits of evolvability on a long time scale (billions of years)?

Why did a world of bacteria lead to intelligent life?

Why does evolution (sometimes) lead to increasing complexity?

What are the evolutionary origins of emergence?

How does cooperation affect construction?

Can we build precise models for the evolution of cells, multi-cellular organisms, animal societies and human language?

What is the role of multi-level selection in the larger evolutionary process?
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