The Inner Life of Empires contains archival material drawn in large part from the following archives. Some of the most salient Johnstone-related material is listed under each archive.


  • Archives Nationales, France-Colonies (AN-Col.)
    29, chemin du moulin de Testas
    + 33 (0)4 42 93 38 50:

    + Papers related to the French administration of Grenada and Louisiana.

  • Bedfordshire and Luton Archives (BLA)
    Riverside Building
    Borough Hall
    Cauldwell Street
    Bedford MK42 9AP
    United Kingdom
    +44 (0)1234 228833

    Wrest Park (Lucas) Manuscripts (WP-BLA)
    + Letters relating to the capture of George’s children by the French.

  • Beinecke Library, Yale University
    121 Wall Street
    New Haven, CT 06511
    United States
    +1 203 432 2977

    Osborn Mickle Papers (WJM-Y)
    + Papers of William Julius Mickle, a cousin of the Johnstones.

  • Bristol University Library (BUL)
    Tyndall Avenue,
    Bristol BS8 1TJ
    United Kingdom
    +44 (0)117 928 8014

    West India Papers (BUL-W)
    + Westerhall Estate Papers, the papers of the plantation purchased by Alexander and inherited by James and William.

  • British Library (BL)
    96 Euston Road
    London NW1 2DB
    United Kingdom
    +44 (0)20 7412 7676

    Oriental and India Office Collection (OIOC)
    + Bengal Secret Consultations
    + Correspondence of John Macpherson, the cousin of “Ossian” Macpherson, George’s secretary in Florida.
    + Fort William Consultations
    + Minutes of the Court of Directors of the East India Company
    + Papers of General John Carnac
    + Papers of Harry Verelst, one of John’s political rivals in Bengal.
    + Logbook of the Earl of Holdernesse, the ship on which Elizabeth Carolina travelled to India
    + Logbook of the Admiral Stevens, the vessel that brought John, Elizabeth Carolina, and Bell or Belinda from Bengal to England.
    +Petition of John Johnstone to be admitted as a writer in the East India Company's settlements
    + Petition of Patrick Johnstone to be admitted as a writer in the East India Company's settlements

  • Clackmannanshire Archives (CLA)
    Speirs Centre
    29 Primrose Street
    Alloa FK10 1JJ
    United Kingdom
    +44 (0)1259 452272

    + Johnstone of Alva Papers (JA-CLA)
    + John Johnstone Letter Book (JJLB-CLA)

  • Edinburgh University Library (EUL)
    George Square
    Edinburgh EH8 9LJ
    United Kingdom
    +44(0)131 650 8379

    Laing Collection (EUL-L)
    + Letters to Barbara Murray, the eight siblings’ mother.
    + Letters to Betty Johnstone.
    + Letters to George Johnstone and Papers of George Johnstone.
    + Letters to Sir James Johnstone, the siblings’ father.


    James Johnstone Letter Book 1770-74 (JJLB-EUL)
    + Letters of James Johnstone
    + Letters of Louisa Meyrick, James’s wife.

  • Glasgow City Archives (GCA)
    The Mitchell Library
    North Street
    Glasgow G3 7DN
    United Kingdom
    +44 0141 287 2910

    Letters of Patrick Colquhoun, the Glasgow merchant who was entrusted with transporting Bell or Belinda to America and later, a business partner of William’s.

    Letters of William Colhoon, slave merchant

  • Glasgow University Library (GUL)
    Hilhead Street
    Glasgow G12 8QE
    United Kingdom
    +44 (0)141 330 6704

    Copy Letter Book, Patrick Colquhoun (GUL-PC)

  • Huntington Library (HL)
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, CA 91108
    United States
    +1 626 405 2100

    + Papers of William Pulteney (HL-P)

    Letter of February 22 1758 from Betty Johnstone to William Johnstone (later Pulteney), with a postscript by Charlotte Johnstone (later Balmain), and news of Uncle Watty having his coat shot off. The Papers of William Pulteney, Huntington Library, San Marino, PU 400, Box 1. Reproduced with the kind permission of the Huntington Library. (Click to full sized image.)



  • Massachusetts Historical Society (MHS)
    1154 Boylston Street
    Boston, MA 02215-3695
    United States
    +1 617 536 1608

    + Dana Family Papers: Edmund Dana married Helen Kinnaird, Barbara’s daughter.

  • National Archives of Scotland (NAS)
    H.M. General Register House
    2 Princes Street
    Edinburgh, EH1 3YY
    United Kingdom
    +44 (0) 131 535 1314

    + Decreet Arbitral betwixt Charles Lord Kinnaird and Barbara Lady Kinnaird, Barbara’s divorce papers.
    + Extract, Process Joseph Knight against Sir John Wedderburn of Ballendean Bart
    + Letters to Sir James Johnstone, the siblings’ father.
    + Memoir by Alexander Young regarding Sir William Pulteney, a work written about William by his attorney
    + Papers of the Montague-Douglas-Scott Family, Dukes of Buccleuch. The Duke of Buccleuch was Adam Smith’s pupil and friend.
    + Tax Records
    + Trial Documents of Bell or Belinda


    Papers of the Sinclair Family, Earls of Rosslyn (NRS-SR)
    + Papers related to John’s purchase of the Alva Estate
    + Wedderburn Family Papers

  • National Archives, United Kingdom (TNA)
    Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU
    United Kingdom
    +44 (0) 20 8876 3444

    + Documents related to Alexander’s Petition against the Governor of Grenada .
    + Documents related to George’s activities as Royal Governor of West Florida.
    + Documents related to the imprisonment of Margaret in Edinburgh.
    + “A Journal of the Proceedings on His Majesty's Ship The Adamant Kept by Captain Gidion Johnstone”
    + Letters to Lord Halifax, Superintendent of Indian Affairs.
    + Papers relating to the suit brought by the East India Company against John
    + Will of Alexander Johnstone
    + Will of George Johnstone.
    + Will of George Lindsay Johnstone, George’s son.
    + Will of Gideon Johnstone.
    + Will of John Johnstone
    + Will of Martha Ford.
    + Will of Scrope Colquit, the father of Gideon’s wife.
    + Will of William Talbot Keene, the father of John’s wife.

  • National Library of Scotland (NLS)
    George IV Bridge
    Edinburgh, EH1 1EW
    United Kingdom
    +44 (0)131 623 3700

    + Case of Sir James Johnstone, Baronet, claiming the titles, honours and dignities of Marquis and Earl of Annandale
    + Gray of Carntyne Papers, which include the papers of Elizabeth Caroline Gray (Johnstone) Gray, John’s granddaughter.
    + Hume Manuscripts (Royal Society of Edinburgh), which contain correspondence with the Johnstones.

  • Norfolk Records Office (NRO)
    The Archive Centre
    Martineau Lane
    Norwich NR1 2DQ
    United Kingdom
    +44 (0)1603 222599

    Norfold Record Society Collection (NRS)

    + Attested Copy of Mrs Meyrick's Settlement on her Marriage with Captain [James] Johnstone.
    + Letters from James to William and Louisa.
    + Letters to Louisa Meyrick, James’s wife.
    + Mr Lacon's Bill, for legal services rendered to Louisa.


    Folkes of Hillington Mss. (FHA-NRO)
    + Letters to Sir Martin Browne Folkes

  • Perth and Kinross Council Archives (PKA)
    AK Bell Library
    York Place
    Perth PH2 8EP
    United Kingdom
    +44 (0)1738 477012

    + Kinnaird Family, Rossie Muniments (KR-PKA), papers of the Kinnaird family, into which Barbara married.

  • William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan (UMWCL)
    909 S. University Ave.
    Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
    United States
    +1 734 764 2347

    + Papers of Thomas Gage, Royal Governor of Massachusetts and correspondent with Alexander and George.
    + Wedderburn Papers

    Minto-Skelton Collection (UMWCL-MS)
    + Papers of Walter Minto, the tutor of George’s children, and future Princeton University mathematics professor.