Andrea Graziosi, Università di Napoli “Federico II”




A Soviet History Bibliography


Updated, December 2004. I express my gratitude to the many colleagues and friends who sent their suggestions, criticized my choices and corrected my mistakes.

Please send comments, remarks or change proposals to




  1. Introduction
  2. Table of Contents





Work on this bibliography started in 1999, when I was asked to prepare the volume on Soviet history for the Nouvelle Clio, a collection of the Presses Universitaires de France founded by Robert Boutruche and Paul Lemerle, and today directed by Jean Delumeau and Claude Lepelley ( Nouvelle Clio volumes (57 of them in print as of now) are not meant to be just textbooks for students. They are also intended as reference books for a “grown up” public of non-specialists in the field, such as historians of other countries and periods, students of social sciences, literature or the arts, graduate students, and cultivated readers in general. This is why they are organized in three sections, the first being a selected bibliography of approximately 100 pages.

What we offer here, thanks to the courtesy of the Presses Universitaires de France, which was greatly appreciated, is the “mother” of the bibliography that will be published. The very nature of the public for which it was conceived helps explain some of its biases, such as the relative dearth of books in Russian, Ukrainian, Kazak, etc. I tried however to include at least some of the most important works and sources in original languages.

As a selected bibliography, obviously its most important biases are my own, meaning both the limits of my knowledge (no work such as the compilation of a serious bibliography puts oneself before his own ignorance) and my personal preferences, which at times I have expressed in judgments that are of course only my own (the opportunity to pass judgment being another great reward such compilations offer). As such, confusion and misplacements are bound to occur, since the placement of this or that work is often a subjective exercise.

In spite of all of the above, I hope that the bibliography will prove useful to both generalists and Soviet historians, especially graduate students; thus, I have agreed to Professors Terry Martin’s and Mark Kramer’s kind proposal to put it on the Harvard, as well as on the Harvard Project on Cold War Studies web sites. Thanks to Kyle Hafar, a link has now been created to H-Russia.

Ideally, it will serve as the kernel of an open, thematic bibliography which the profession will progressively integrate, correct and enrich. Any criticism or suggestion is therefore more than welcome. Colleagues, however, will have to keep in mind that this is not a comprehensive bibliography, nor does it aim to be; I believe such a bibliography would not be more useful than a selected one.

While compiling it, I tried to adhere to the following principles:

1.      To respect the international character of knowledge and research, thus listing relevant works in all the languages in which they happened to appear (and of which I happened to be aware);

2.      To aim at covering all fields, listing the best, or the most significant books in every one of them. By the term significant I mean that also “bad” or by now “surpassed” books, which have however played an important role in the past, are recorded, including those representing once significant schools of thought and interpretation;

3.      To take into account the two revolutions that have marked the past decade, one specific to our discipline, and the other of a general nature, that is the partial opening of the Soviet archives, and the Internet. Their combined impact has generated an incredible amount of new information; it is sufficient here to remember the huge number of document collections (sborniki dokumentov) published after 1991, or the possibility to directly accede the catalogues of the world’s major libraries. God knows when we’ll be able to digest it, if ever.

Given the nature of the publication, this bibliography was originally designed with a certain preference for French texts. However, as the bibliography confirms, the most important Western scholarship has been, and by far, the Anglo-, and especially the American, one, despite its many flaws. A variety of factors contributed to this primacy, from strategic ones to others deriving from the presence, in the U.S., of important communities of immigrants from CIS countries. Before 1991, Soviet history could seriously be studied only in America, and to a lesser degree in London and Paris. This leads us to the problem of the value of pre-perestroika Soviet historiography. Older colleagues certainly remember when it was possible to quickly go through Soviet historical journals. Important works and collections of documents were however published, especially but not only in the 1960s, and I tried to list at least some of them.

A final warning in regards to the almost intractable nationality question: while working on a bibliography, one quickly realizes that the USSR was not Russia, nor Russia plus Ukraine and the Baltics, and the Caucasus, and Central Asia, and… The country was home to scores of nationalities (and religions for that matter), and the major works on each of them should in principle be listed. Clearly, this is an impossible task for a single person and I am ready to admit my ignorance of Lithuanian and Uzbek, Yiddish and Armenian. I thus listed only the most important works, and journals, and archives I was aware of, with a particular attention to Ukraine. Any suggestion, integration, correction will be more than welcome.

The bibliography’s structure is the following (for more detailed information see the table of contents):

A. The Actors and Places of Research: AI. Research centers; AII. Libraries; AIII. Journals; AIV. Internet sites; AV. Dissertations; AVI. Discussion lists & book reviews online.

B. Sources: BI. Archives and their sites; II. Sources in print, microfilms, microfiches; BIII. Legislation; BIV. Soviet leaders’ works; BV. Memoirs and autobiographies; BVI. Literary works; BVII. Statistics and censuses; BVIII. Periodicals and journals.

C. Reference tools: CI. Bibliographies, data banks; CII. Reference works.

D. Works: DI. General histories; DII. General works on specific topics; DIII. Works on specific periods.

I decided, quite untraditionally (serious bibliographies used to begin with sources), to start with research’s actors because the Internet allows us today to quickly survey, from our own home, what is being done, taught, published, in the world’s foremost universities, research centers, journals, etc., this being yet another facet of the already mentioned revolution.

After some thought, I also decided to indicate websites. While it is true that they tend to change, at least the institutional websites have now reached a certain stability, so that the great majority of those listed will continue to be valid. The inconveniences caused by wrong addresses (easily remedied through Google) will prove, I hope, much smaller than the benefits offered by correct ones.

A special thanks goes to Patricia Grimsted, Mark Kramer, Terry Martin, Marshall Poe, whose useful Russian site is unfortunately no more, and Donald Raleigh, whose work I amply exploited in putting together this bibliography. I am also grateful to the Davis Center for Russian Studies, for the support it offered, to Donna Griesenbeck who helped greatly, and Leslie Wittmann, who edited the English version.

Table of contents





A. The Actors and Places of Research

AI. Research centers

              AIa. European Union

              AIb. CIS Countries

              AIc. North America and Japan

AII. Libraries

              AIIa. European Union

              AIIb. CIS Countries

              AIIc. North America

AIII. Journals

              AIIIa. European Union

              AIIIb. CIS Countries

              AIIIc. North America and Japan

AIV. Internet sites

AV. Dissertations

AVI. Discussion lists and book reviews online


B. Sources

BI. Archives and their sites

BIa. Guides in print

              BIb. Archives in the West

BII. Sources in print, microfilms, microfiches

              BIIa. Internal policy

                           BIIa1. Soviet sources published in the West after 1991

                           BIIa2. Soviet sources published in CIS countries after 1991

                           BIIa3. Soviet sources published in the USSR before 1991

                           BIIa4. Soviet sources published in the West before 1991

                           BIIa5. Non-Soviet sources

              BIIb. Sources on Soviet foreign relations

BIII. Legislation

BIV. Soviet leaders’ works

BV. Memoirs and autobiographies

              BVa. Revolution and civil war

              BVb. The NEP

              BVc. The 1930s

              BVd. War, post-war years, the Thaw

              BVe. Stagnation

              BVf. Perestroika, crisis, and collapse

BVI. Literary works

BVII. Statistics and censuses

BVIII. Journals and periodicals

                           BVIIIa. Journals and various periodical publications

                           BVIIIb. Newspapers



C. Reference Tools

CI. Bibliographies, data banks, guides

              CIa. General

              CIb. Bibliographies and guides, Soviet history

                           CIb1. General

                           CIb2. On specific topics

                           CIb3. On specific periods

CII. Reference works

              CIIa. Atlases

                           CIIa1. Geographical

CIIa2. Historical Atlases

              CIIb. Encyclopedia, encyclopedic dictionaries, general histories

                           CIIb1. General

                           CIIb2. Social sciences and literature

              CIIc. Biographical dictionaries

                           CIIc1. General, political

                           CIIc2. Culture and miscellaneous

              CIId. Chronologies


D. Works

DI. General histories

              DIa. Russian empire

              DIb. USSR and Russia

              DIc. Nationalities, general

                           DIc1. Central Asia

                           DIc2. The Baltics

                           DIc3. Belarus

                           DIc4. Transcaucasia

                                        DIc4a. Armenia

                                        DIc4b. Azerbaijan

                                        DIc4c. Georgia

                           DIc5. The North and Siberia

                           DIc6. Tatars

                           DIc7. Ukraine

                           DIb8. The Jewish Question

DII. General works on specific topics

              DIIa. Memoirs and biographies

                           DIIa1. General

                           DIIa2. By person

DIIb. Political history, ideology

              DIIc. Economics

                           DIIc1. Theory, economic thought

                           DIIc2. National income

                           DIIc3. Money

                           DIIc4. Economic policy, applied economics

              DIId. Economic and social history

              DIIe. Society, demography, social problems

                           DIIe1. General

                           DIIe2. Cities

                           DIIe3. Demography

                           DIIe4.   Ecology

                           DIIe5. Labor

                           DIIe6. Social Problems

              DIIf. Women

              DIIg. Peasants and the countryside

              DIIh. Repression and political police

                           DIIh1. Repression

                           DIIh2. Political police

              DIIi. Religion

                           DIIi1. General

                           DIIi2. Various faiths

              DIIj. Science, technology, culture, literary life

                           DIIj1. Science and technology

                           DIIj2. Humanities

                           DIIj3. Education

                           DIIj4. Literary and cultural life

                           DIIj5. Mass culture

              DIIk. Foreign policy

                           DIIk1. Relations with the West, the Cold War

                           DIIk2. Socialist countries, Communist parties

                                        DIIk2a. Comintern and Cominform

                                        DIIk2b. Socialist countries, general

                                                      DIIk2b1. Eastern Europe

                                                      DIIk2b2. Asia

                                                      DIIk2b3. Cuba and Africa

                           DIIk3. The Third World

              DIIj. Military

DIII. Works on specific periods

                           DIIIa. War, revolution, civil war, 1914-1922

                                        DIIIa1. General works

                                        DIIIa2. World War I

                                        DIIIa3. 1917

                                        DIIIa4. Civil war, war communism, 1921-22 crisis

             DIIIa5. The countryside

             DIIIa6. Nationalities

DIIIb. The NEP and its crisis, 1922-1929

                                        DIIIb1. General works

                                        DIIIb2. Society and the economy

                                        DIIIb3. Nationalities

             DIIIb4. Foreign policy

DIIIc. The 1930s

                                        DIIIc1. General works, Stalinism

                                        DIIIc2. Dekulakization, collectivization, famine, kolkhozy

                                        DIIIc3. Cities and industrialization

             DIIIc4. Memoirs

             DIIIc5. Repression

             DIIIc6. Foreign policy

                           DIIId. War and post-war years, 1939-1953

                                        DIIId1. World War II

                                        DIIId2. Internal front, repression, nationalities

                                        DIIId3. German occupation

             DIIId4. Holocaust

             DIIId5. Post-war years

             DIIId6. Foreign policy, Eastern Europe

DIIIe. The Thaw and Khrushchev, 1953-1964

                                        DIIIe1. General works

                                        DIIIe2. Society, nationalities, and the economy

                                        DIIIe3. Countryside

             DIIIe4. Foreign policy

                           DIIIf. The Brezhnev era, 1964-1982

                                        DIIIf1. General works

                                        DIIIf2. Society, nationalities, and the economy

                                        DIIIf3. Dissent

             DIIIf4. Foreign policy

DIIIg. Reform, perestroika and collapse

DIIIg1. General works

                                        DIIIg2. Gorbachev and perestroika

                                        DIIIg3. Society and culture

                                        DIIIg4. The economy

DIIIg5. Nationalities

DIIIg6. Foreign policy